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Chevrolet Equinox Front Brake Pads Replacement Guide
How to change the front disc brake pads on a 3rd generation 2018 to 2022 GM Chevy Equinox with the part numbers.

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2018 Equinox Front Wheel
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Slightly Loosen Lug Nuts
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Raise Front of SUV
This automotive maintenance tutorial was specifically written to assist owners of the third generation (2018, 2019 and probably also the face-lifted or revised 2020, 2021 and 2022 model years) GM Chevrolet Equinox SUV in changing the front disc brake pads and lubricating the caliper slider pins.

Owners of other General Motors vehicles from Chevy, Buick, GMC, Cadillac and Holden such as the Trax, Blazer, Traverse, Tahoe, Suburban, Cruze, Malibu, Impala, Camaro, Cascada, LaCrosse, Encore, Envision, Enclave, Regal, Canyon, Sierra, Terrain, Acadia, Yukon, Savana, XT4, XT5, XT6, Escalade, CTS, XTS, CT6, Astra, Commodore and Trailblazer may also find these DIY instructions to be helpful.

A few compatible replacement sets of new front brake pads with their part numbers include the following: ACDelco 17D1913CH, Power Stop 16-1913, Callahan CPK01084, Bendix CFC1913 and Raybestos MGD1913CH.

The tools and other items needed to complete this procedure include a lug nut wrench (tire iron), a floor jack, two jack stands, a 14mm socket with a 3/8" drive ratchet, an "F" clamp and a tube of brake caliper grease.

The first few steps are to drive the SUV on a level surface, shift the transmission into park and turn off the ignition.

Engage the emergency / parking brake and place wheel chocks on both sides of the rear tires to help prevent the vehicle from moving.

Slightly loosen the five lug nuts on the front wheel by turning them about 1/4 to 1/2 turn in the counterclockwise direction with the lug nut wrench.

Carefully raise the front of the SUV with the floor jack and securely support it with at least two jack stands.

Please do not solely rely on the floor jack to support the vehicle!



 

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Five Lug Nuts Removed
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Rotor, Bracket, Caliper
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Front Brake Caliper
Spin off the five lug nuts in the counterclockwise direction and set them aside in a safe place.

I prefer to only work on one side of the car at a time to keep three tires on the ground for extra safety.

Carefully pull off the front wheel and tire.

Set the front wheel aside in a safe place.

Some home mechanics prefer to place the wheel and tire below the frame rail of the vehicle as a backup support device just in case both the floor jack and jack stands fail.

Once the front wheel is out of the way, you'll be able to see the rotor, bracket, caliper and suspension.

The front brake caliper is held in place to the bracket by two bolts on the back side of the caliper. The bolt heads face in towards the engine bay.

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Loosen Top Caliper Bolt
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Loosen Bottom Bolt
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Spin Out Lower Bolt
Loosen the top caliper bolt by turning it in the clockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the vehicle) with the 14mm socket and a 3/8" drive ratchet.

Then loosen the bottom caliper bolt by also turning it in the clockwise direction (when viewed from the outside of the car) with the 14mm socket and 3/8" drive ratchet.

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Spin Out Upper Bolt
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Two Caliper Bolts
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Lift Off Front Caliper
Spin out the two bolts and set them aside in a safe place.

Carefully lift the caliper off the front brake pads and out of the bracket.

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Rest Caliper On Rotor
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Two "V" Spring Clips
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Remove Top Spring Clip
Rest the caliper on the rotor or suspend it from the suspension spring with a bungee cord or some rope.

Try to avoid bending, kinking, stressing or pulling on the rubber brake fluid hose.

There are two "V" shaped metal spring clips attached to the outer edge of the front brake pads. These "return" or "spreader" springs help keep the brake pads off the rotor after the brake pedal has been released.

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Remove Bottom "V" Clip
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Remove Old Inner Pad
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Wear Indicator Bar
Carefully remove the two "V" metal spring clips from the outer edge of the old pads.

Set them aside for re-installation later on.

Your new pads may or may not come with new "V" springs or they might not be equipped with holes to accommodate the clips.

Remove the old inner and outer brake pads from the bracket.

Make a mental note of where the wear indicator or "squeal" bar was situated on the old brake pads.

On this 2018 Equinox Premier, the wear indicator bar was located at the top of the inner brake pad.

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Remove Old Outer Pad
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Pad Abutment Clips
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Replace Both Clips
If your new pads include a bag of replacement brake hardware, remove the pad abutment clips or "anti-rattle" clips from the top and bottom of the bracket.

Clean off the rotor, bracket, caliper and lug studs with brake parts cleaner spray.

Avoid breathing in the brake pad dust or the cleaning fluid. They may be carcinogenic (cancer causing).

Apply a thin layer of brake parts lubricant grease to the areas of the new pad abutment clips where they will come in contact with the bracket or the ends ("ears") of the new brake pads.

Push the new pad abutment clips into the top and bottom of the bracket. Make sure the clips are fully seated.

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Remove Caliper Slider Pins
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Lubricate & Replace Pins
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Attach "F" Clamp
In order for the caliper to operate smoothly, the two caliper slider pins or "guide bolts" need to be well lubricated.

Pull the caliper slider pins out of their rubber dust boots attached to the back side of the bracket.

Do not mix up the top and bottom caliper slider pins. On some vehicles they may be slightly different and are specifically made for the top and bottom of the caliper.

Apply a thin layer of brake parts lubricant grease to the smooth parts of the caliper slider pins.

Push the pins back into the bracket until they "snap" or "pop" into place in the rubber dust boots.

Spin the pins around a few times and gently push them in and pull them out to help spread the grease.

Attach the "F" clamp to the caliper and use the back of an old brake pad to evenly spread the pressure across the caliper piston.



 

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Brake Fluid Reservoir
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Twist Off Counterclockwise
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Compress Caliper Piston
Move to the right rear area of the engine bay and locate the brake fluid reservoir tank.

Twist off the black plastic cap in the counterclockwise direction and set it aside in a safe place such as on the cowl near the windshield.

Removing the reservoir cap will allow the brake fluid to more easily travel back through the system when you compress the caliper pistons.

Slowly turn the "F" clamp handle in the clockwise direction to compress back the caliper piston.

Try to avoid pinching or otherwise damaging the rubber dust boot that surrounds the piston.

Continue retracting the piston until it is just about flush with the rubber dust boot and the caliper assembly.

Repeatedly check the fluid level in the reservoir to make sure that it doesn't overflow. Clean up any spilled brake fluid immediately and flush the area with water. Brake fluid can easily damage painted surfaces.

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Replace Reservoir Cap
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Install New Outer Pad
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Wear Bar - Top Inner Pad
Once you have completed compressing back the caliper piston, replace the brake fluid cap as soon as possible.

Brake fluid is hygroscopic and easily absorbs moisture from the air which can lead to reduced braking performance.

Twist on the brake fluid cap in the clockwise direction.

If your Equinox has been exhibiting vibrations or shuddering in the front end during braking, you may need to replace the front rotors.

A few compatible replacement front brake rotors with their part numbers include the following: ACDelco 18A82000, Centric 120.62176 and DuraGo BR901622.

(To replace the rotors, remove the Torx T30 set screw on the outer face of the old rotor, remove the two bolts on the back side of the bracket and pull off the bracket. Slide the old rotor off the wheel hub and slide on the new rotor. If you have trouble removing the old rotor, hit it a few times with a rubber mallet. Replace the set screw and the bracket. Tighten the bracket bolts to the service manual specification of 140 lb-ft of torque. An optional step is to apply some Loctite medium removable threadlocking adhesive to the bracket bolts.)

Install the new inner and outer brake pads into the bracket.

The wear indicator bar should be situated at the top of the inner brake pad.

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Push Pads Against Rotor
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Re-Attach Spring Clips
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Lower "V" Spring Clip
Push the two new pads together against the rotor.

If your new pads are equipped with the attachment slots for the "V" spring clips, install the new clips or re-use the old clips.

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"V" Springs Replaced
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Lower Caliper Over Pads
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Spin In Top Caliper Bolt
Carefully lower the caliper over the new brake pads and into the bracket.

If the caliper won't fit over the new thicker new brake pads, you may need to compress the piston back a bit further.

Line up the bolt holes in the caliper with their corresponding holes in the caliper slider pins within the bracket.

Spin in the two caliper bolts a few turns by hand in the counterclockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the SUV) to help prevent them from becoming cross threaded.

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Replace Bottom Bolt
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14mm Socket & Ratchet
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Tighten Lower Bolt
Tighten the two bolts with the 14mm socket and a 3/8" drive ratchet in the counterclockwise direction (as seen when looking from the outside of the vehicle) to just past hand tight.

If you have a torque wrench, the service manual specification for the caliper slider pins is 20 lb-ft (27 Nm) of torque.

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Torque Caliper Bolt
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Tighten Upper Bolt
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Rubber Valve Cap
Double check that the two bolts are tight before moving on to the next steps.

If your brake pedal has been feeling soft or "mushy", the brake lines may contain a few air bubbles or some moisture. It would be best to bleed the brake lines at this time to flush out the old fluid and replace it with fresh DOT 3 brake fluid.

The brake fluid bleeder valve is located on the back side of the caliper just below the top bolt. It is covered by a rubber valve cap. To open or close the valve, you will need a 10mm wrench.

For more on this topic, check out my Acura MDX Brake Fluid Bleeding Guide.

I prefer to use the Allstar Bleeder Bottle which makes this an easy one person job since it has a one way check valve and a magnet to hold it against the rotor.

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Brake Fluid Bleeder Valve
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Replace Front Wheel
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Spin On Five Lug Nuts
Carefully line up the front wheel and push it back into place over the lug studs.

Spin on the five lug nuts a few turns in the clockwise direction by hand to prevent them from becoming cross threaded.

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Slightly Tighten Lug Nuts
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Lower Car From Stands
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Torque Lug Nuts
Slightly tighten the lug nuts in the clockwise direction with the tire iron in a criss-cross or "star" pattern.

Carefully lower the vehicle from the jack stands by using the floor jack.

Continue tightening the lug nuts in the clockwise direction in a criss-cross or star pattern to just past hand tight.

It would be best to use a torque wrench to tighten the lug nuts to the owner's manual specification of 100 lb-ft of torque.

Check the level in the brake fluid reservoir. If necessary, slowly pour in some new DOT 3 fluid until it reaches the "MAX" (maximum) line.

It would also be a good idea to check your parking spot, driveway or garage for any drops of fresh brake fluid which might indicate a leak from the bleeder valve or the reservoir bottle.

Don't forget to write down the brake pad change in your vehicle's service records.

For more, please check out all of my 2018-2022 GM Chevrolet Equinox DIY Repair & Maintenance Guides.
 

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