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VW Tiguan Front Brake Pads Replacement Guide
How to change the front disc brake pads on a 1st generation 2009-2017 Volkswagen Tiguan with the part numbers.

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2016 Tiguan Front Wheel
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Use Metal Hook Tool
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Pull Out Plastic Covers

This automotive maintenance tutorial was specifically written to assist owners of the first generation (2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017) Volkswagen Tiguan SUV in changing the front disc brake pads and lubricating the caliper slider pins.

Owners of other VW or Audi vehicles such as the Jetta, Passat, CC, Atlas, Touareg, Golf, Beetle, A3, S3, RS 3, A4, S4, A5, A6, S6, A7, S7, RS 7, A8, Q3, Q5, TT and Q7 may also find these DIY instructions to be helpful.'

A few compatible replacement sets of new front brake pads with their part numbers are as follows: Bosch BP1375, TRW TPC1375ES, PROFORCE SMD1375, KFE KFE1375-104, Monroe CX1375W and Power Stop (16-1375) Z16.

The tools and other items needed to complete this procedure include a floor jack, two jack stands, a lug nut wrench, a flathead screwdriver, a 7mm hex head socket with a ratchet or a 7mm Allen key wrench, a "C" or  "F" clamp and a tube of brake caliper grease.

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Lug Bolt Covers Removed
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Loosen Counterclockwise
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Raise Front of SUV
The first two steps are to park the SUV on a level surface and turn off the ignition.

Engage the emergency / parking brake and place wheel chocks on both sides of the rear tires to prevent the SUV from moving.

Open the tailgate and look under the cargo area floor mat to locate the tools by the spare tire.

Remove the tire iron (lug nut wrench), the floor jack and the small silver metal ring with a hook on the end.

Insert the small metal hook into the hole in the center of the black plastic lug bolt covers.

Pull out the five plastic lug bolt caps and set them aside in a safe place.

Then slightly loosen the five lug bolts by turning them about 1/4 to 1/2 turn in the counterclockwise direction.

Carefully raise the front of the SUV with the floor jack at the jack point (usually indicated by a triangle on the pinch weld).

Securely support the SUV with at least two jack stands.

I prefer to just work on one side of the vehicle at a time to keep three tires on the ground for extra safety.

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Spin Off 5 Lug Bolts
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Five Lug Bolts Removed
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Rotor, Bracket & Caliper
Spin off the five lug bolts and set them aside in a safe place.

Pull off the front wheel to reveal the rotor, bracket, caliper and suspension.

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Pry Off Spring Clip
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Spring Clip Removed
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Front Brake Caliper
I recommend wearing safety glasses for the next step.

There is a slight chance that the metal spring clip will fly off the caliper and hit you in the face and/or eyes.

Use a large flathead screwdriver to carefully pry off the metal spring clip on the outer edge of the caliper.

Set the spring clip aside in a safe place.

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Plastic Bolt Cap
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Pry Out Plastic Cap
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Lower Cap Removed
Look on the back side of the caliper (closer to the engine bay) and locate the two black plastic bolt caps.

Pry out the bolt caps with a flathead screwdriver.

Set the two bolt caps aside in a safe place.

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Bolt Covers & Metal Clip
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Caliper Bolt / Slider Pin
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Loosen Clockwise
To loosen the two caliper bolts (which also act as the caliper slider pins) you'll need to use a 7mm hex head socket with a 3/8" drive ratchet or a 7mm Allen key wrench.

Loosen the top caliper bolt by turning it in the clockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the vehicle).

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Loosen Lower Bolt
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Spin Out Lower Bolt
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Bottom Bolt / Slider Pin
Then loosen the lower caliper bolt by turning it in the clockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the car).
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Spin Out Top Bolt
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Remove Upper Bolt
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Two Caliper Bolt / Pins
Spin out the two combination caliper bolts / slider pins out of the caliper.

Set the bolts / pins aside in a safe place.

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Lift Off Brake Caliper
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Rest Caliper On Rotor
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Remove Old Outer Pad
Carefully lift the brake caliper out of the bracket and off the old outer pad.

The inner brake pad will remain attached to the caliper piston.

Pull the old outer brake pad out of the bracket.

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Outer Pad Removed
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Pull Out Old Inner Pad
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Three Metal Prongs
Pull the old inner pad out of the caliper piston.

It is held in place to the piston by three metal prongs attached to the back side of the pad.

Discard the old inner brake pad.

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Attach "F" Clamp
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Brake Fluid Reservoir
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Twist Off Reservoir Cap
Attach the "F" clamp to the caliper and use the back of the old outer brake pad to evenly distribute the force across the piston.

Move to the right rear corner of the engine bay and twist off the round black plastic cap on the brake fluid reservoir.

Removing the reservoir cap will allow the brake fluid to more easily travel back through the lines when you compress the caliper piston.



 

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Compress Caliper Piston
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Replace Brake Fluid Cap
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Install New Outer Pad
Slowly turn the "F" clamp handle in the clockwise direction until the caliper piston is flush with the rubber dust boot surrounding it.

Try to avoid pinching or damaging the rubber dust boot around the piston.

Brake fluid is hygroscopic (absorb moisture from the air), so be sure to replace the reservoir cap as soon as possible by twisting it on in the clockwise direction.

Thoroughly clean off the brake rotor, caliper bracket, brake caliper assembly and the lug bolt holes with brake parts cleaner spray. Do not use compressed air or blow with your mouth to clean off the brake parts since inhaling brake dust can be harmful to your health. Brake dust could be carcinogenic (cancer causing) if inhaled.

Apply a thin layer of brake parts lubricant grease to any area where there is metal to metal contact such as the outer lip of the caliper piston. Do not apply brake caliper grease to the friction surface of the new pads or the rotor.

 If your Tiguan previously exhibited shuddering, pulsations, or vibrations in the front end during braking, you may need to have your rotors "turned" (resurfaced) or just replace them with brand new rotors. If this is the first front brake job on your SUV and the rotors appear to be in excellent condition, you should be able to just replace the pads with great results. The caliper bracket bolts should be tightened to 59 lb-ft of torque according to the service manual.

Insert the new outer pad into the bracket.

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Push In New Inner Pad
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Lower Caliper Over Pads
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Lubricate Caliper Slider Pins
Line up the metal prongs on the back side of the new inner pad with the opening in the center of the caliper piston.

Push the new inner pad into the piston.

Carefully lower the caliper over the new outer pad and into the bracket.

Lubricate the smooth part of the caliper slider pins with some brake parts lubricant grease.

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Spin In Top Bolt / Pin
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Spin In Bottom Bolt / Pin
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Tighten Top Caliper Bolt
Spin in the top bolt / pin in the counterclockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the vehicle).

Spin in the bottom bolt / pin in the counterclockwise direction (as seen from the outside of the SUV).

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Tighten Bottom Caliper Bolt
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Rubber Valve Cap
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Brake Fluid Bleeder Valve
Tighten the two bolts to just past hand tight or about 26 lb-ft of torque.

Double check that the two bolts are tight before moving on to the next steps.

If your brake pedal has been feeling soft or spongy, the brake fluid might be contaminated with water or the brake lines may contain some air bubbles.

It would be best to bleed the brake lines at this time in order to flush out the old fluid and replace it with fresh DOT 4 brake fluid. For more on this topic, check out my Brake Line Fluid Bleeding With An Assistant DIY Guide or alternatively the Brake Line Fluid Bleeding With A Power Bleeder Guide.

The brake fluid bleeder valve is located near the top of the caliper under a rubber cap.

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Push In Bolt Covers
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Pop In Bolt Caps
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Re-Attach Spring Clip
Push the round black plastic bolt caps back into place on the back side of the caliper.

Please wear eye protection when you re-install the metal spring clip. It may pop off the caliper.

Re-attach the top part of the metal spring clip and then push the bottom part into place.

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Spring Clip Re-Attached
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Replace Front Wheel
Push the front wheel back into place.

Make sure the holes in the wheel are lined up with the lug bolt holes on the rotor.

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Spin In 5 Lug Bolts
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Lower Car From Stands
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Slightly Tighten Bolts
Spin in the five lug bolts a few turns by hand in the clockwise direction to prevent them from becoming cross threaded.

Slightly tighten the lug bolts in the clockwise direction in a criss-cross or "star" pattern.

Carefully lower the front of the SUV from the jack stands by using the floor jack.

Continue progressively tightening the lug bolts in the clockwise direction in a "star" or criss-cross pattern to about 1/4 to 1/3 turn past hand tight.

It would be best to use a torque wrench or an electric impact wrench with a torque stick to properly tighten the lug nuts.

The owner's manual specifies that the lug bolts for FWD (front wheel drive) Tiguan vehicles should be tightened to 103 lb-ft (140 Nm) of torque.

If you have a "4MOTION" (4WD four wheel drive) Tiguan, the lug bolts should be tightened to 88 lb-ft (120 Nm) of torque.

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Line Up Bolt Caps
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Push In 5 Bolt Covers
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Front Brake Pads Replaced
Double check that the five lug bolts are tight.

Push the round black plastic bolt caps back into place.

Sit in the driver's seat of the vehicle and firmly pump the brake pedal a few times to restore the brake line pressure. Check the brake fluid in the reservoir and verify that it is at the proper level. If it is low, add some fresh DOT 4 fluid.

To break in your new front brake pads, just drive normally for the first few hundred miles while trying to avoid any hard or "panic" stops which may glaze over the new pads and cause them to be noisy and not perform as well.

It's also a good idea to regularly check your driveway for drops of fresh brake fluid which may indicate a leak, check the brake fluid level in the reservoir and also verify that the lug bolts are still tight.

Be sure to record the brake pad change in your SUV's service records.

For more, please check out my other 2009-2017 VW Tiguan DIY Repair & Maintenance Guides.
 

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